If you don’t understand the article. You might be able to understand it if you read it again; if you don’t read the book well, if you reread it for a year. Can you be relieved. Since 2001. Rwanda has adopted an automatic progression policy, which Senegal Phone Numbe allows students to progress to higher education regardless of their grades in the university entrance examination. The policy is well-intentioned, but the two negative consequences it has caused cannot be ignored.
First, students with low academi.
ability will not be able to keep up with their studies after they go to school. And they will fall into the predicament of getting more frustrated as they study. Second. Teachers believe that students can progress regardless of performance. leading to declining quality of education. This year (2021). the Ministry of Education of. Rwanda has proposed and adopted a new version of the higher education
policy on the grounds of improving
Quality of education. Students who fail the national examination must retake the study until they reach the standard. National examinations include Primary Leaving Exams (PLE) and Ordinary Level leaving exams. More than 60,000 of the candidates taking the national exam in 2021 failed the exam and had to retake it.
The new version of the higher education policy has sparked heated discussions in the local community. The focus of the discussion is on criticizing the new policy for being imperfect. Reating punishment as a remedy, and even blaming students for their poor reading. Mainstream voices believe that the new policy will not help students out of the educational woes. And they worry that students excluded from the system will drop out of school as a result. Rwanda’s education minister. Valentine Uwamariya, responded to the doubts, saying the ministry was also aware that the new policy could lead to an increase in dropout rates, saying “we are looking at how to prevent this.”
Learning Dilemmas Facing Rwanda Students
If the book is not good, can re-reading solve the problem? According to local public opinion in Rwanda, the answer is no. The reason why rereading is considered punishment is that it ignores other factors that affect learning effectiveness, and blindly simplifies the reasons for poor reading, or even narrows it down to only one reason, the student itself.
The impact of the epidemic is the easiest and the first possible cause that comes to mind. In order to avoid large-scale infection due to the pandemic in 2020, Luanda School has closed its campus since March (2020) until it fully reopened in February this year. During nearly 11 months of school closures, the Rwanda Ministry of Education launched online learning courses to curb the rise of educational inequality.
However, due to practical factors such as Internet penetration rate and family economy, online learning resources cannot directly reach the students who need them most. From this point of view, the negative impact of the epidemic during the pre-exam sprint is indeed one of the reasons for the poor performance of students. However, the core issue is otherwise.
Rwanda’s children are able to attend primary school and the attendance rate is as high as 98%, only 71% of students complete primary education. So what are the problems with the 27% gap? The first is the disparity in the teacher-student ratio. The teacher-student ratio in Luanda Primary School is 1:62. The negative impact caused by overcrowded classrooms makes it a luxury to go to school. The second is gender restrictions. Although girls in Rwanda can also attend school, the dropout rate of girls is higher than that of boys. Also, women are lower than men in technical, vocational and higher education enrolment rates.
In addition to teaching quality and gender restrictions, the language of instruction is also one of the dilemmas faced by Luanda students. From 1996 to 2008, English and French had equal status as the languages of instruction in Rwanda. However, since 2008, the Rwandan government has announced a highly controversial official language of instruction policy.
ruction affects not only students but also teachers.